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22 Foods to Avoid with Diabetes

These top food offenders contain high amounts of fat, sodium, carbs, and calories that may increase your risk of high cholesterol, high blood pressure, heart disease, uncontrolled blood sugar, and weight gain. The good news is you can indulge in your favorite foods and still eat healthfully with our satisfying and delicious alternatives.

Cinnamon Rolls

One of the most tempting smells in the mall or airport is freshly baked cinnamon rolls. But before you succumb, take a deep breath of fresh air and consider that a typical "mall" cinnamon roll contains more than 800 calories and 120 grams of carb -- well over the 45-60 grams of carb suggested for an entire meal for the majority of people with diabetes. Sometimes even a homemade cinnamon roll can be over the top. For example, Crowd-Pleaser Cinnamon Rolls with Cream Cheese Icing from BHG.com has 427 calories and 62 grams of carb per roll. With a few ingredient tweaks, you can save carbs and calories and use more healthful ingredients, such as rolled oats and whole grain or whole wheat flour.

Cinnabon Cinnamon Classic*
880 calories
36 g total fat
17 g saturated fat
830 mg sodium
127 g carbohydrate
20 mg cholesterol

Crowd-Pleaser Cinnamon Roll*
427 calories
20 g total fat
N/A saturated fat
188 mg sodium
58 g carbohydrate
62 mg cholesterol

For a delicious alternative that is over the top in taste but not in calories, carbs, or fat, check out our recipes to satisfy your cinnamon roll cravings:

Cinnamon Streusel Rolls RecipeAlmond Caramel Cinnamon Rolls Recipe

Nachos

You walk into a restaurant and you're feeling starved. A quick scan of the menu and there they are: nachos, one of your favorites. You order them as an appetizer and also order a meal. Unfortunately, most restaurant nacho orders equate to and often exceed an entire meal's worth of calories, carbs, and fat. For example, a regular order of Chili's Classic Nachos has 830 calories, 59 grams of fat, and 39 grams of carb.

Top your nachos with heart-healthy avocados!

Chili's Classic Nachos (regular order)*
830 calories
59 g total fat
31 g saturated fat
1,630 mg sodium
39 g carbohydrate
N/A cholesterol

Taco Bell Nachos Supreme*
430 calories
23 g total fat
4.5 g saturated fat
690 mg sodium
44 g carbohydrate
30 mg cholesterol

You don't need to give up nachos to eat healthfully. Make a few changes to the basic recipe, such as using reduced-fat cheeses and baked tortilla chips like we do in our Loaded Nachos recipe. Finally, make the nachos your meal, not your appetizer.

Make nachos at home with our mouthwatering recipe:

Loaded Nachos Recipe

Coffee Drinks

A simple cup of joe with a little milk or even half-and-half can be a low-calorie beverage perfect for a person with diabetes. But many coffee-shop drinks rival decadent desserts for their high calorie, carb, and fat contents. For example, a 16-ounce Starbuck's White Chocolate Mocha (with whipped cream and 2 percent milk) comes in at 470 calories and 63 grams of carb. Similarly, a medium Dunkaccino contains 350 calories, while the large size has almost 500 calories.

Or, choose tea instead!

Starbuck's White Chocolate Mocha (with whipped cream) *
470 calories
18 g total fat
12 g saturated fat
0 mg sodium
63 g carbohydrate
50 mg cholesterol

Dunkaccino (medium)*
350 calories
16 g total fat
13 g saturated fat
320 mg sodium
51 g carbohydrate
10 mg cholesterol

There are equally satisfying (and cheaper!) beverage alternatives that will help you keep your healthy eating plan on track. Try one of these:

Cinnamon-Spiced Hot Chocolate RecipeChai RecipeIced Mocha Recipe

Biscuits and Sausage Gravy

Sometimes known as the bad boy on the breakfast buffet, traditional biscuits and gravy is indeed high in calories, fat (particularly saturated fat), and sodium. For example, the McDonald's Biscuit and Gravy* entree has 570 calories and 13 grams of saturated fat.

That amount of saturated fat may not sound like too much, but consider that the American Diabetes Association suggests eating less than 7 percent of calories from saturated fat -- and for most people, this is about 15 grams of saturated fat per day. Similarly, Bob Evans' Sausage Gravy* recipe has 1,828 milligrams of sodium, exceeding the ADA's recommended 1,500-milligram maximum per day.

McDonald's Biscuit and Gravy*
570 calories
36 g total fat
13 g saturated fat
1,610 mg sodium
50 g carbohydrate
25 mg cholesterol

Bob Evans Sausage Gravy recipe (includes biscuits)*
709 calories
44 g total fat
N/A saturated fat
1,828 mg sodium
46 g carbohydrate
71 mg cholesterol

You can have all of the creamy comfort you love with our Crispy Chicken Tenders and Savory Waffles with Herb Gravy recipe. It makes a great dinner entree, too. Our Cheddar Biscuits and Country Sausage Gravy recipes also offer healthier alternatives to enjoy the breakfast favorite.

Crispy Chicken Tenders and Savory Waffles with Herb Gravy RecipeCheddar Biscuits RecipeCountry Sausage Gravy Recipe

Battered Fish Dinners

Fish: It's always a safe choice when managing your weight and diabetes, right? It all depends on the preparation and the sides. A typical breaded-fish meal, complete with sides such as fries, hush puppies, and coleslaw, is simply best to avoid. The culprits are just about everything. For example, a typical platter with two deep-fried fish fillets, hush puppies, fries, and slaw comes to a total of more than 1,300 calories, 84 grams of fat, 113 grams of carb, and a whopping 3,000 milligrams of sodium. That's double the suggested meal carb level of 45-60 grams for many people with diabetes and the recommended 1,500-milligram daily maximum for sodium.

Can eating fish prevent diabetic neuropathy?

Another way to look at these dinners is through the lens of the plate method for meal planning: The goal is to fill half your plate with nonstarchy veggies, a quarter of your plate with a starch, and the remaining quarter with a meat or other protein source. Typical fish platters, with an emphasis on hefty protein and starch components, are the opposite of what promotes a healthy you.

Long John Silver's meal (2 pieces battered pollock, 2 hush puppies, fries, coleslaw, and tartar sauce)*
1,323 calories
84 g total fat
19 g saturated fat
3,005 mg sodium
113 g carbohydrate
100 mg cholesterol

Red Robin Arctic Cod Fish and Chips*
1,118 calories
67 g total fat
N/A saturated fat
2,833 mg sodium
84 g carbohydrate
N/A cholesterol

Don't be disappointed -- we've got you covered with these crispy fish recipes:

Fish and Chips-Style Cod RecipeLemon and Parmesan Fish Recipe

Fruit Juice Beverages

Fruit beverages make our list of worst foods for diabetes because they can be high in calories and sugar. For example, Minute Maid Enhanced Pomegranate Blueberry 100% Juice Blend* has 29 grams of sugar, 130 calories, and 31 grams of carbohydrate in an 8-ounce serving. Minute Maid does offer a line of low-calorie juice drinks with 2 grams of sugar or less per 8-ounce serving.

Fun facts about apples!

Reading labels is a great way to make the best choices. Also be aware that nutrition information is per serving; many beverages that come in cans or bottles contain more than one serving.

Try these easy juice drink recipes that pack a refreshing punch:

Summerberry Cooler RecipeLemonade Shake-Ups Recipe

Deep-Fried Chinese Entrees

You want to make smart food selections when you're out and about, so you think: Asian? Check. Chicken? Check.

Not so fast. While some Asian chicken dishes are great choices, you're best taking a pass on items such as deep-fried orange chicken with white rice. This breaded chicken swimming in sauce typically comes in at more than 400 calories and 43 grams of carb per serving, and that's without the steamed white rice, which can often add another 200 calories and 44 grams of carb in a typical 1-cup serving. Also, this type of dish usually comes without vegetables.

Why you should order dishes with broccoli!

When choosing an Asian chicken dish, opt for:

  • Plain, unbreaded chicken.
  • A thin sauce rather than a cornstarch-thickened sauce.
  • A high proportion of veggies.
  • Steamed brown rice in a 1/3- to 1/2-cup serving size.

Here are the nutrition values for typical orange chicken entrees. While the calorie and fat counts on the Lean Cuisine version are reasonable, the meal would have a better nutrition profile with brown rice, a cleaner ingredients line, and less sodium.

Panda Express Orange Chicken (excludes rice)*
420 calories
21 g total fat
4 g saturated fat
620 mg sodium
43 g carbohydrate
95 mg cholesterol

Lean Cuisine Orange Chicken (includes rice)*
310 calories
8 g fat
1 g saturated fat
640 mg sodium
46 g carbohydrate
20 mg cholesterol

You can make a simple orange chicken dish at home using our Teriyaki and Orange Chicken recipe. Sugar-free orange marmalade is the secret ingredient behind the sweet orange flavor.

Teriyaki and Orange Chicken Recipe

Our Best Asian-Inspired Recipes

Cinnamon Rolls

One of the most tempting smells in the mall or airport is freshly baked cinnamon rolls. But before you succumb, take a deep breath of fresh air and consider that a typical "mall" cinnamon roll contains more than 800 calories and 120 grams of carb -- well over the 45-60 grams of carb suggested for an entire meal for the majority of people with diabetes. Sometimes even a homemade cinnamon roll can be over the top. For example, Crowd-Pleaser Cinnamon Rolls with Cream Cheese Icing from BHG.com has 427 calories and 62 grams of carb per roll. With a few ingredient tweaks, you can save carbs and calories and use more healthful ingredients, such as rolled oats and whole grain or whole wheat flour.

Cinnabon Cinnamon Classic*
880 calories
36 g total fat
17 g saturated fat
830 mg sodium
127 g carbohydrate
20 mg cholesterol

Crowd-Pleaser Cinnamon Roll*
427 calories
20 g total fat
N/A saturated fat
188 mg sodium
58 g carbohydrate
62 mg cholesterol

For a delicious alternative that is over the top in taste but not in calories, carbs, or fat, check out our recipes to satisfy your cinnamon roll cravings:

Cinnamon Streusel Rolls RecipeAlmond Caramel Cinnamon Rolls Recipe

Restaurant French Fries

It's no surprise that this fast-food staple is on our list. French fries are loaded with saturated fat, sodium, and calories. Although most fast-food restaurants now offer trans-fat-free fries, that doesn't make them good for you. Here's a look at the nutritional breakdown for an order of large fries from three fast-food chains.

Burger King*
500 calories
22 g total fat
3.5 g saturated fat
710 mg sodium
72 g carbohydrate
0 mg cholesterol

Hardee's*
480 calories
27 g total fat
5 g saturated fat
1,020 mg sodium
73 g carbohydrate
0 mg cholesterol

McDonald's*
500 calories
25 g total fat
3.5 g saturated fat
350 mg sodium
63 g carbohydrate
0 mg cholesterol

To satisfy a craving for fries, try a more nutritious alternative, such as oven-baked recipes. Use sweet potatoes for a big dose of vitamin A and potassium.

Oven-Roasted Fries RecipeGrilled Sweet Potato Wedges Recipe

Purchased Cookies

That cookie with all the sprinkles or chocolate chips could be hiding trans fats. Butter, high-fructose corn syrup, shortening, margarine, and partially hydrogenated or hydrogenated oils are the biggest saturated fat and trans fat contributors, and they can also pile on calories and carbs. The U.S. Food and Drug Administration cites the following foods that can harbor trans fats:

 

  • Crackers, cookies, cakes, frozen pies, and other baked goods
  • Snack foods (such as microwave popcorn)
  • Frozen pizza
  • Fast food
  • Vegetable shortenings and stick margarines
  • Coffee creamer
  • Refrigerated dough products (such as biscuits and cinnamon rolls)
  • Ready-to-use frostings

 

Instead of buying cookies, bake them at home with our best cookie recipes. Many recipes contain good-for-you ingredients, such as whole grains and fruit.

Must-Have Chocolate Chip Cookies Recipe

More Diabetic Cookie Recipes

Fried Chicken

Fried chicken is another restaurant staple and all-time favorite comfort food that should be avoided. Frying the chicken adds significant carbs, calories, sodium, and fat -- it turns a good protein choice into a healthy-meal deal-breaker.

Here's a look at the nutritional breakdown for a fried chicken breast versus a grilled chicken breast from a leading chicken restaurant, KFC:

KFC*
Extra Crispy Fried Chicken
490 calories
29 g total fat
4.5 g saturated fat
1,140 mg sodium
20 g carbohydrate
110 mg cholesterol

KFC*
Grilled Chicken
220 calories
7 g total fat
2 g saturated fat
730 mg sodium
0 g carbohydrate
135 mg cholesterol

But if nothing but crispy chicken will do, make fried-style chicken at home with our mouthwatering "oven-fried" recipe the whole family will love:

Oven-Fried Parmesan Chicked Drumsticks Recipe

10 Delicious Chicken Toppers

Purchased Pie

Thinking about ordering a piece of French silk pie for dessert? That one slice can pack up to 650 calories, 46 grams of fat, and 52 grams of carb at a restaurant such as Village Inn.* What about the frozen variety you might be tempted to grab while grocery shopping? It would be wise to check the food label before putting it in your cart.

Sara Lee French Silk Pie (per slice)*
580 calories
42 g total fat
23 g saturated fat
300 mg sodium
44 g carbohydrate
75 mg cholesterol

The good news is you don't have to say good-bye to your favorite pie. Our delicious and easy pie recipes are a great way to get the taste you crave without the excess calories, carbs, and fat. For example, our Silky Chocolate Pie has only 235 calories and 9 grams of fat per serving.

Silky Chocolate Pie RecipeCoconut Cream Pie Recipe

More Delicious Pie Recipes

Purchased Smoothies

If you're looking for healthier options at the drive-through window, a fruit smoothie might seem like a good choice. Filled with fruit and sold at colorful, fresh-looking hot spots, smoothies seem like great snacks or lunch choices. Unfortunately, what you don't see is added sugar and extra-large portion sizes.

Why you should incorporate blueberries into your smoothies.

For example, the Strawberry Whirl Jamba Juice Smoothie* has 46 grams of sugar, 220 calories, and 54 grams of carb in a 16-ounce serving. Although it's fat-free and gives you 90 percent of your daily value of vitamin C, the cons outweigh the pros for this fruit smoothie.

McDonald's McCafe Strawberry Banana Real Fruit Smoothie* comes in three sizes. The smallest, 12 ounces, has 210 calories, 44 grams of sugar, and 44 grams of carb. If you order the largest size, 22 ounces, it packs a whopping 70 grams of sugar and 74 grams of carb.

There's no doubt that making smoothies at home is the best choice. There are plenty of simple recipes that are just as refreshing but lower in carbs, sugar, and calories:

Berry Smoothies RecipeJust Peachy Smoothies RecipeCarrot Smoothie Recipe

Processed Lunch Meat

Think making a sandwich for lunch is a safe bet? Unfortunately, processed lunch meat is full of sodium. Read the nutrition labels printed on the packages you buy in the store, or ask a deli attendant to tell you the nutrition information for fresh-sliced meat.

Some cold cuts are low in fat, such as Oscar Meyer Deli Fresh Honey Ham;* it's 98 percent fat-free, but it packs a sodium overload with 650 milligrams in one serving.

Cut sodium by slicing meat you've roasted at home or by asking your deli for meats lower in sodium. Enjoy sandwiches for lunch or dinner by following our healthy sandwich recipes, made specifically for people with diabetes.

Tip: Be aware of the sandwich toppings that turn a healthy sandwich into a carb and fat disaster. Find tips on free foods to dress your sandwich, such as spinach, cucumbers, and mustard.

Five more reasons to add spinach to your sandwich!

Free Foods for Diabetes

Healthy Sandwich Recipes

Restaurant Hamburgers

Big, cheesy hamburgers can be high in saturated fat, the leading factor in high cholesterol levels. However, there is no need to cut out saturated fat completely -- the American Heart Association recommends limiting saturated fat to 7 percent of your total daily calories.

Can adding tomatoes to your burger help stabilize blood sugar levels?

Most restaurant chains post their foods' nutrition information online or at their business locations. It's a good idea to check out a restaurant's website before eating there so you'll be better prepared to make smart food choices. If a restaurant's nutrition information isn't available, ask the staff about lighter menu options. Here's a look at the nutritional breakdown for a basic hamburger from three fast-food chains:

Burger King*
240 calories
9 g total fat
3.5 g saturated fat
490 mg sodium
28 g carbohydrate
30 mg cholesterol

Hardee's*
270 calories
11 g total fat
4 g saturated fat
560 mg sodium
31 g carbohydrate
30 mg cholesterol

McDonald's*
250 calories
9 g total fat
3.5 g saturated fat
480 mg sodium
31 g carbohydrate
25 mg cholesterol

For tips on enjoying hamburgers that are lower in fat so you won't ruin your meal plan, check out:

Guilt-Free Hot Dogs and Hamburgers

Our Best Burger Recipes

Purchased Doughnuts and Baked Goods

Commercially made baked goods, such as muffins, pastries, and doughnuts, make our list of foods to avoid because of their high calorie, sugar, and fat contents, plus some contain trans fats. For example, one glazed cake doughnut from Dunkin' Donuts* has 360 calories, 22 grams of fat, 10 grams of saturated fat, 44 grams of carb, and 19 grams of sugar.

Be sure to check food labels and look for fat-free, sugar-free, or reduced-sugar varieties. However, the best way to control what you eat is to make it yourself.

Here are some diabetes-friendly recipes that taste great and help you stick to your meal plan:

Vanilla Cake Doughnut Recipe

Muffin Recipes and To-Go Breakfast Favorites

Frozen Meals

Frozen meals are convenient, but their high sodium and fat contents can make them unhealthy choices for everyone in your family. If you do buy a frozen meal when you're in a fix for dinner, try these tips:

Why you should add carrots to your frozen dinner!

  • Pick frozen meals with fewer than 400 calories, 4 grams of saturated fat, and 600 milligrams of sodium, and with at least a couple of grams of fiber and 14 grams of protein. Match the carbohydrate content to your personal meal plan.
  • Before cooking, add frozen vegetables right on top of your frozen meal to make the portion larger and more nutritious. Think of frozen meals or entrees as starters. Add vegetables, herbs, leftover cooked brown rice -- whatever it takes to round out the meal.
  • If you aren't comfortable cooking fresh fish, try a frozen seafood meal or fish fillets.

One of the biggest culprits is the ultimate comfort food: pot pie. Whether you pick up a frozen variety at the market or order one at a restaurant, the pot pie is a megaviolator:

Marie Callender's Chicken Pot Pie (16 ounces)*
760 calories
42 g total fat
16 g saturated fat
1,480 mg sodium
76 g carbohydrate
30 mg cholesterol

KFC Pot Pie*
790 calories
45 g total fat
37 g saturated fat
1,970 mg sodium
66 g carbohydrate
75 mg cholesterol

Boston Market Chicken Pot Pie*
770 calories
45 g total fat
23 g saturated fat
1,100 mg sodium
60 g carbohydrate
100 mg cholesterol

If you love pot pie and other home-cooked favorites, you can still get your comfort-food fix with these great recipes:

Chicken Pot Pie Recipe

More Comfort Food Recipes

Regular Soft Drinks

Sugar-laden soda can derail your healthy meal plan and spike blood sugar levels. Every 4 grams of sugar equals 1 teaspoon, so if your drink has 30 grams of sugar, that's equal to consuming 7.5 teaspoons of sugar!

Beverages with high sugar content not only add calories and carbs, but they may cause weight gain. Of course, there are diet versions of many drinks that are made with artificial sweeteners (sugar substitutes) and other healthier alternatives, such as sparkling water with fruit.

Get more refreshing and satisfying drink choices that won't add to your waistline:

Our Best Drink Recipes and More!

FREE! Calorie and Carb Counter Drink Guide

Are Sugar Substitutes Safe?

Purchased Cakes

Dessert is not off-limits for people with diabetes, but some desserts are better choices than others. Would you still eat that tempting piece of cake if you knew it had 2 grams of trans fats and 25 grams of sugar in one small serving? Many commercially baked cakes, such as those sold by Pepperidge Farm,* contain trans fats, which can lead to high cholesterol and risk of cardiovascular disease.

Portion and moderation are the keys to enjoying a sweet treat and taking care of your diabetes. And if you can have your cake and eat it, too, with better-for-you ingredients, you win!

Tip: There is no recommendation for any percentage of trans fat as part of your daily calories. Avoiding all trans fats can help lower cholesterol.

Find delicious and diabetes-friendly cake and cupcake recipes, plus tips on how to bake with sugar substitutes to cut calories and carbs even more:

Diabetic Cake Recipes

Fun Cupcake Recipes

Baking with Sugar Substitutes

Flavored Water

Flavored water can be convenient, but the sugar hidden inside isn't worth the price. Often high in sugar and carbs, flavored water is surprisingly a top offender.

For example, Glaceau VitaminWater* has 12.8 grams of sugar, 48 calories, and 12.8 grams of carbohydrate in an 8-ounce serving. The catch: This water beverage is sold in a 20-ounce bottle that contains 2.5 servings. If you drink the whole thing, you get close to triple the sugar (32 grams), calories (120 calories), and carbohydrate (32 grams).

Make a better choice by picking from the VitaminWater Zero line of flavored waters, which have 0 calories, 7 grams of carb or less, and 0 grams of sugar.

You can also make these refreshing drinks at home:

Fruit Cooler Recipe

Frozen Pizza

Pizza ranks high among favorite foods in the United States. It's delicious, it's convenient, and you can eat it with your hands -- plus, it's an icon of football games, birthday parties, and movie nights. The downside is that many commercially made pizzas are full of calories that can blow a meal plan in one slice.

Tip: Some frozen pizzas are three or more servings but look like just one or two -- keep that in mind when assessing the nutrition information. Buy a veggie pizza or doctor up a plain one with fresh herbs and your favorite veggies.

Four reasons to add red peppers to your pizza.

Frozen pizza is convenient, but many varieties are high in calories, sodium, carbs, and fat. Here is the nutrition information for one slice of these popular frozen pizzas:

California Pizza Kitchen Signature Pepperoni, Original Restaurant-Style Crust*
340 calories
15 g fat
6 g saturated fat
780 mg sodium
32 g carbohydrate
40 mg cholesterol

DiGiorno Original Rising Crust Pepperoni Pizza*
320 calories
12 g fat
5 g saturated fat
960 mg sodium
38 g carbohydrate
30 mg cholesterol

The upside to pizza? It's a fun, simple dish to make at home, where you can control the sodium, fat, carbs, calories -- and the ingredients. Buon appetito!

Thin-Crust Pepperoni and Vegetable Pizza Recipe

More Healthy Pizza Recipes

Milk Shakes

Rich, thick milk shakes from sit-down restaurants or fast-food joints are loaded with sugar and calories, but they also could be hiding bad-for-your-heart trans fats.

Why and how you can eat sugar.

For example, a 16-ounce chocolate milk shake at A&W Restaurant* has 700 calories, 1 gram of trans fat (with 29 grams of total fat), and 100 grams of carb. Topping it with whipped cream adds more calories and sugar to your meal.

McDonald's* also offers these tempting treats, but beware of the reality when you sip down the 16-ounce chocolate shake: 700 calories, 20 grams of fat, 1 gram of trans fat, and 114 grams of carb.

Wait! There's good news! We have rich, tasty treats that you can enjoy guilt-free!

Chocolate-Banana Sipper Recipe

Restaurant Pizza

Take-out pizza is a go-to meal for many families. But pizza from a restaurant or take-out spot is just as bad as the frozen stuff. Here's a tip: Cut sodium, fat, and calories by choosing a thin-crust pizza with veggies or lean meats like ham or chicken, and resist extra cheese.

Basil: More than a pretty garnish.

Here's a breakdown for one slice of hand-tossed 14-inch (large) cheese pizza:

Domino's Pizza*
290 calories
11 g fat
5.5 g saturated fat
640 mg sodium
35 g carbohydrate
25 mg cholesterol

Papa John's*
290 calories
10 g fat
4.5 g saturated fat
720 mg sodium
37 g carbohydrate
25 mg cholesterol

Pizza Hut*
350 calories
17 g fat
6 g saturated fat
730 mg sodium
35 g carbohydrate
30 mg cholesterol

If your family has a weekly pizza night, make it healthier by baking your favorite pizza at home!

Pizza with the Works RecipeRoasted Pepper and Artichoke Pizza Recipe

Our Best Italian Recipes

Diabetic Living Video

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