Analyzing Your Numbers: When Is It Diabetes?
Ever wonder where the line is drawn between having diabetes and not? This quick guide will give you the answers.
Know the Numbers
According to the American Diabetes Association's Standards of Medical Care, these numbers should be used to diagnose pre-diabetes and type 2 diabetes. The ADA suggests everyone over age 45 be checked every three years -- especially if your body mass index (BMI) is over 25. People with a family history of diabetes should be tested at a younger age and more frequently.
Fasting glucose level: Less than 100 mg/dl
Two hours after eating: Less than 140 mg/dl
Fasting glucose level: Equal to or greater than 100 mg/dl and less than 126 mg/dl
Two hours after eating: Equal to or greater than 140 mg/dl and less than 200 mg/dl
Type 2 Diabetes
Fasting glucose level: Equal to or greater than 126 mg/dl. A second test is required for confirmation.
Two hours after eating: Equal to or greater than 200 mg/dl. A second test is required for confirmation.
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